How To Brew Beer, And What Equipment Is Needed For Brewing Beer?

Beer is a drink that has fans from all over the world.

It is something which has been a fairly common thing since the beginning of time, for humans have always consumed alcohol in one form or another.


For many people, drinking it is usually sufficient.

But there are others who are interested in more than just its flavor. They are indeed interested in other aspects of beer production, such as the ingredients that go into it, the equipment that is used, the way it is prepared among others.

Indeed, the brewing of beer is an interesting subject unto itself, and there is much to be known about it.

In other words, brewing beer is something which happens to be a subject unto it.



There is much to be said about the process of making beer.

A simplified explanation of how the beer-making process works is given in the list below.

The Ingredients Preparation

It all starts with the ingredients. Beer is produced through the fermentation of grains such as barley, rye corn or wheat.

The grains, upon fermentation, produce the main constituent ingredient of any alcoholic drink that you find in the market shelf.

It is important that the sourcing of the beer is done in a way that is economically viable, for it will ultimately add up to the overheads that the company has to pay. Also to note is that the final price of the beer will also have to be passed on to the consumer as well.

The ingredients will have to undergo several different processes, as given in the list below:

  • Malt Preparation –The first step of the grain preparation process involves the germination of the cereal grains such as barley, wheat, etc. The process involves the soaking of cereal grains until they germinate, after which they are dried with hot air.
  • Grain Milling –This is the next step of the beer preparation process. The different types of malt are crushed together. This process helps to break the grain kernels, after which the sugars in can be extracted. This end product is known as ‘grist’.
  • Mash Conversion –This is the process where the grist is mixed with heated water. The process takes the help of natural enzymes, which results in the breakdown of the starches into simple sugars.
  • Lautering –This is a process that follows the mash conversion, where sweet liquid called wort is separated from the husk.
  • Wort Boiling –This is the process where the wort is boiled in a vessel called a kettle. Once this process is done, hops are added to the mix.
  • Wort Processing –This is the last process in the preparation of the ingredients, after which the batch is sent for fermentation. The wort is separated and cooled from any residue that exists in the mix.


The Fermentation Process

The fermentation process requires the presence of small microbes called yeast.

The yeast digest the sugars present in the mix and in the process produce carbon dioxide and alcohol as a waste product.

It is this alcohol which is then refined for purposes like consumption.



Coming to the actual equipment necessary for the brewing of beer, there are a few things that are vital and necessary.

The most important of them all are mentioned in the list below:


  1. Ingredient Preparation Tanks & Equipment

Each step of the ingredient preparation process mentioned above come with their own set of requirements.

What this means is that there is a need for a separate set of tanks and equipment for every step involved in the ingredient preparation process.


  1. Fermentation Tank

This is the process where the actual beer gets produced.

The ingredients such as malt are allowed to ferment in the presence of yeast in these large tanks, over an extended period of time. The exact time for this may range from a few months to several years. Indeed, the longer the fermentation process lasts, the better the taste is considered to be.

Originally made out of wood such as oak, it is today made from stainless steel, which is in fact a standard industry practice. It is in these large tanks that the beer is first prepared, before other production stages, such as refining or packaging begin.

At the same time however, it is not necessary that the fermentation tank be made from stainless steel. On the contrary, there are many people today who still have a sense of nostalgia for the past, and continue to use the iconic barrels that have been used for ages.

In addition to this, there are other considerations that may need to be addressed as well. Given that the quality of the beer, in particular the flavor, requires the use of wooden caskets, this is a consideration that has to be addressed. The reason for this is because the wood often adds its own flavor to the fermenting ingredients, and enhancing its overall quality in the process.

Last but not the least, there are occasions where ingredients are fermented in open tanks as well, depending on the final brew requirement.


  1. Pasteurization Tanks

Once the ingredients are fermented, the next thing that is to be done is to pasteurize the mass.

This is done in order to kill any and all microbes that might be living in the beer. It is something required in order to ensure that the beer is safe for consumption.

At the same time however, there is a small exception made in the case of ‘draft’ or ‘draught’ beer, where there is no requirement for pasteurization.


  1. Filtration and Refining Equipment

Once the beer has been fermented from the ingredients and pasteurized, the next process involves the production of the final beverage.

This is something that requires a process that involves multiple stages. Among them all, one of the most important includes the removal of any stray residue and organic matter from the fermentation process.

Other aspects of this include making sure that the beer moves through the various processes in a steady way, so as to maintain the level of carbonation and overall flavor.

Once the refining process is completed, the finished product is sent off for packing.


  1. Packaging & Shipping Machinery

The packaging stage involves the packing of beer into the iconic bottles and cans that many people are familiar with.

During packaging, the beer is usually combined with additional carbon dioxide in order to help maintain the overall aroma and texture.

In addition to this, the stage also involves other aspects such as the addition of label graphics, designs, logos and other branding elements. These also include health warnings such as those which inform people to restrict the amount of alcohol they consume, or the dangers of drinking and driving.

The products are then shipped to a warehouse for further distribution, or directly sent to markets far and wide. This may be done with the use of the company’s own distribution network, or one which is outsourced to a third party.



As a whole, the above gives a rough idea as to the way in which the beer production process works, from the beginning until the end, as well as the equipment necessary for doing the same.

Do note that there is indeed a lot more that goes into the final product as well. The details mentioned above only give a rough idea as to how the whole process works, rather than being a details explanation.

Classification of Craft Beer


When it comes to beer, it is well known fact that there are more than enough varieties to go around.

Whether it is the flavor, ageing or anything else, beer comes n a variety of different styles, each of them having something very distinct and separate from the rest.

This is true whether you are talking about regular or craft beer.

nano brewery equipment


For those who would like to know about craft beers, they are the beers made by what are called craft breweries.

The craft breweries in turn, are those breweries that can be described as small breweries, typically run by a family or sometimes a small company.

Simply put, they are the exact opposite of most mainstream beer companies, which are large companies operating across multiple markets and offer a range of different alcohol varieties.

They are generally more expensive than the mainstream varieties of beer, given that they are produced in small batches, and often have the brand image of being distinct and special.

Craft beers are today one of the most popular varieties of beer around. Popular for their unique taste, flavor and more, craft beers are preferred by many over mainstream beers.


Coming to craft beer, it becomes clear on closer examination that there is indeed a great variety of it almost everywhere.

There are in fact several different varieties of craft beer around. Each of them have their own unique characteristics, and are often specific to locations as well.

At the same time however, there are two major variants of craft beers according to most people. They are ales and lagers.


1.) Ales

Ales are the most commonly found craft beer varieties around. In addition to this, they are also the older of the two varieties, with a history that goes back thousands of years.

Ale is a generic term, and has several different varieties under it. Ales are prepared using a style of brewing, where the fermentation is done at a fairly rapid rate, with the help of top-fermenting yeast and the process is carried out in a warm environment. The process of preparing ales can be done in about one or two weeks.

An important thing to note about ales is that they are generally cheaper than lagers. Given their short preparation time, the cost of producing ales is very less in comparison to lagers. It is one of the main reasons why ales are consumed more widely than lagers.

Ales can be served at a variety of different temperatures, whether it be chilled or at room temperature.

There are several different varieties of ales. They are as given in the list below:

  • Pale Ale –The pale ales are light colored and have a sharp and very bitter flavor.
  • Brown Ale –The brown ales can come in a variety of different colors, ranging from reddish to brownish. Brown ales have a fairly mild flavor in comparison to other ales.
  • Porters –porters are a dark variety of ales and come with a flavor described as being similar to chocolate, coffee or roasted grains.
  • Stouts  –Another variety of ales are stouts. Stouts are a dark variety of beer, which come in a rich flavor like no other. They are described as being thick in comparison to other beers, with the flavor itself being similar to that of coffee, chocolate or molasses.


  1. Lagers

Another variety of craft beer that is widely consumed is lagers.

Lagers are not as common or popular as ales, although they can be found in just about all craft breweries.

The lagers are made using bottom-fermenting yeast, with the fermentation process done at fairly colder temperatures.

The process of preparing lagers is generally long and can last several weeks or even months, due to the cold conditions that it is prepared in. Also to note is that it is generally more expensive than ales, given the longer period of time it takes for the preparation process to complete. It is for this reason that lagers are generally preferred less, in comparison to that of ales.

The cold fermentation process is great for the finished product, as the beer is described as having a clean, smooth and crisp taste. In general, many brewers believe that this is one of the best ways to prepare beer, as it helps the fermentation process to take place in a steady and smooth manner.

Also to add here is that while other beers are served at room temperatures, it is not the case for lagers; the serving of lagers is always done at a cold temperature.

Some of the different varieties of lagers are as given in the list below:

  • Pale Lagers –Pale lagers are easy to recognize, due to their distinct color and body. The lagers have a very light and refreshing taste, and come highly carbonated.
  • Marzens –Also called Oktoberfest beer, they come in a dark copper or amber color, and have a toasty rich flavor. Also to add here is that marzens tend to be maltier in comparison to other lager varieties.
  • Pilsners –These are some of the lightest lagers around, and have a fairly bitter and distinct flavor. In addition to this, they are also highly carbonated.
  • Bocks –Bocks are a very unique kind of lager, known for their distinct taste. The taste of bocks is described to be a mix of sweet and bitter, and can come in a variety of different colors. In addition to this, bocks also come with a largely malty flavor in comparison to other beer varieties around.


Do note that there are indeed other styles of beer as well, which have not been covered here. This is especially the case when it comes to the different kinds of ales and lagers.


In all, craft beer comes in a variety of different styles, each of them unique in their own way, whether it is flavor, taste, alcohol concentrations or anything else.

This makes craft beer one of the most interesting of all, when it comes to exploring the variety of beer that currently exists out there.

How to Judge the Quality of Small Beer Equipment

When it comes to the manufacture of beer, there is a great deal of work that goes into it.

From the equipment that is used in the manufacturing process, to the actual ingredients, many things influence the finished product.


For many people who are into beer, it is an aspiration to begin their own brewery, and create their own line of products for the marketplace.

And if there is one thing such people would like to know, it’s about trying to judge the quality of the beer making equipment. This is understandable, given the central role it plays in the beer making process.



There are several things that need to be looked into, when judging the quality of small beer equipment.

Given below in the list are some of the things worth looking at.


  1. The Reputation of the Manufacturer

One of the biggest factors that go into the judgment of beer equipment is the reputation of the manufacturer.

This has to do with the fact that the more reputed the manufacturer, the more likely it is that the equipment itself will be reliable. And there is a good reason for this, since the reputation itself was the result of the company providing good quality products and service over an extended period of time.


  1. The Production Capacity

Another thing that has to be looked into would be the production capacity. This in turn, will be based on the estimated production capacity of the craft brewery itself, which tends to be different from one unit to another.

Beer equipment comes in a variety of production capacities, ranging from those meant for small households to large industrial ones. This in turn means that the production capacity of the beer equipment can vary dramatically, based on the equipment being focused on.


  1. Efficiency of the Equipment

Another concern that has to be addressed is with regard to the equipment efficiency. Just about any container that is airtight will do at the end of the day, when it comes to fermentation. As long as it can be sealed off from the outside world, one can make alcohol with relative ease.

But that is just one aspect of the equation. What is especially important here is that the process has to be efficient. Breweries are businesses at the end of the day, meaning that the beer manufacture process has to be done in a way that is economically viable.

What does this mean for the equipment?

What it means is that in general, the equipment must remain economically efficient and viable at all times. It should permit for the alcohol formation process to take place in a way that is fast, uniform and low on maintenance.

All of these will collectively add up in the end, when it comes to the management of the company’s revenues and overall sustainability.


  1. Guarantee and Warranty on the Product

Another aspect of the machine that needs to be looked into is the guarantee and warranty on the equipment.

When purchasing anything, it should be known that there is always an element of risk involved ranging from the minute to the disastrous.

This means that any beer manufacturer has to look into the reliability of the equipment being considered in terms of guarantee and warranty.

While the concept is fairly simple and easy to understand on a general level, it does vary when it comes to doing so on an industrial scale.



  1. Efficiency of Packing & Space

One of the most important overheads that a company often deals with is that of its premises. This includes, among others, place for the factory itself, warehouses, various storage facilities, etc.

All of these things will add up to the final cost when it comes to financial viability. The reason for this is because the overheads for running a factory, is usually more than almost everything else.

Therefore, it is important that the equipment occupies as little space as possible, without compromising on the final quality of the beer. Also, this will especially be problematic when it comes to small breweries, which are limited in terms of how much money they can afford on the same.

While there is a certain limit to how much any equipment can be restricted in size, it can certainly be done in a way that works out for the owners in an economical way.

In simple words, the equipment under consideration should fit in the existing space without causing any problems.


  1. Transporation and Logistics Costs

The fact that equipment exists and will work out for a company is great.

But at the same time, another issue that is to be addressed is that of logistics. It is true that there are many equipment suppliers available for the beer industry. At the same time however, there are a few other considerations that must be taken into account as well.

These considerations are that of logistics and transportation. For one thing, it should be known that shipping costs tend to add and often greatly increase the final bill.

Another thing to be added here is that the equipment, if being imported from another country, is often subjected to custom duties and taxes, which will once again add up to the final bill.

What this means is that the final cost of the equipment could possibly increase by several times, if these factors are taken into consideration.

Therefore, it is always a good idea to go for equipment that can be acquired in a way that is light on the wallet, but which serves the purpose without any compromise on the beer’s final quality.


  1. Customer Service & Aftercare

If there is one thing that is common for almost anything that you purchase, it is that they break down.

Things break. That’s just how everything works.

And if they do break down for whatever reason, you should be able to get the appropriate individuals who can help you in fixing the problem.

This is where things can become problematic. Getting the equipment is one thing. But it is also important that you are able to fix it whenever any problem emerges. Also, the solution for the problems should be economically viable, and shouldn’t cost a fortune for the business.

What this means is that the equipment should come with the right kind of aftercare, including, but not limited, to friendly customer service, locally available service professionals and affordable equipment service rates.



In all, these are some of the most important characteristics to consider, when it comes to judging the quality of small beer equipment.

There are indeed others as well, but these are by far some of the most important.

Is Beer Good For Health?

Alcohol is one of the most debated topics when it comes to health.

There has been much emphasis on the subject of alcohol consumption, with people taking both sides of the argument.


When it comes to alcohols, there is in fact much diversity in the kind of drinks consumed by people. These include, among others, wines, beer, whisky, rum, etc.

Coming to beer, there is one question that lingers in the minds of many, which is with regard to its safety.

As with other alcohols, there has been many questions with regard to how safe is beer consumption. Having read much about the dangers of alcohol consumption, and its often lethal effects on individuals, the question is always the same thing,

“Is beer good for health?”

It is understandable that people are curious about this fact. It is only natural that people ask this question, for almost everyone is worried about their health in one way or another. Also, given that there has been a great deal of awareness in recent times, as to the dangerous effects of alcohol on the human body, it has certainly fuelled the curiosity even more.

Indeed, this is a subject that divides people more than anything else. Given that beer is fairly popular among social circles, and has become something of a trend in recent times, it is clear that there is a debate going on as to the exact effect it has on the human body.

The answer to this question is, however, not as clear as the question itself.

On the contrary, there is in fact a lot of variation on the correct answer. Currently available research seems to suggest an almost divided opinion on the subject, with some suggesting it as good, and others calling it bad.

In simple words, the answer to the question lies somewhere in between good and bad. Alcohol, being the main chemical present in beer, is something that is known to be bad for the liver. This would, logically speaking, imply that the consumption of beer is bad for one’s health. And indeed, that is the conclusion of many people, who are of the opinion that beer is bad for you in its entirety.

This is however, something that doesn’t compute with the latest scientific studies. The fact is that while alcohol is bad for you, many people don’t have any idea about the subject in actual figures or research. One could say that they are in a state of confusion, due to the conflicting information that they have been getting from just about everywhere.

If one were to take a look at actual studies that were conducted, it becomes clear that some alcohol can actually be good for health. There have been studies conducted which showed that beer helped in the maintenance of health, through improving cholesterol levels, preventing heart disease and neurodegenerative disease. The quantity for the same has been set at up to one drink a day in women and two in men. (Source:

At the same time however, the study does add that there is a limitation on who exactly is to be allowed to consume beer. Some of the people who are advised to refrain from beer consumption include pregnant women, children, adolescents, those with liver disorders, depression, etc. Another thing to note here is that the aforementioned groups of people are to refrain from any quantity of beer whatsoever.

Also to add here is that beer is something to be avoided for those who have a risk of addictions, since the consumption of alcohol may shift from something that is an occasional indulgence, to severe alcoholism. This may not always be the case but it is in simply words, a precautionary measure.

In simple words, it is a good idea to restrict the consumption of alcohol, in all its forms beyond a certain point. While there is certainly evidence that beer and other alcohols may have a health benefit, it is something that applies only when consumed in moderation. As soon as the moderation point has been crossed, it turns from being good to becoming something bad.

Also, this is something that applies to everything ranging from beer to alcohol and everything in between. It is not something that is in any way specific to just beer alone.


As for those who would like to abstain from all alcohol, there is certainly nothing wrong with it.

There is nothing wrong if you prefer to avoid alcohol in its entirety, whether for the sake of health, religion, preference or for that matter anything else. There are several reasons as to why people would avoid the consumption of alcohol, all of which have their own unique merit and validity.

It is a personal choice and if that is what you believe is good for you, and then by all means, go for it. However, do make sure that it is something you will have to engage in based on your own convictions and choice, rather than being something that you is forced into.

What it all comes down to at the end of the day is that it is your life; and ultimately something you will have to figure out on your own.



In all, it can be said that there is really no clear cut answer as to whether beer is good or bad for you; while it may have a good effect in some cases, there are others where it might prove to be bad.

The reason for this is because of several factors, all of which play a unique role in influencing how it interacts with the body. This variation in the way everything plays out makes it rather difficult to know exactly how to approach the subject.

However, it can be said that beer consumption, just like in the case of any alcohol, when done in moderation, should work out in the long run for just about everyone in a safe way. As long as you are sticking to an upper limit of around one drink for women or two for men, you should be able to do fine in the long run.

What Equipment Do Breweries Usually Use To Measure Pressure During The Beer Production Process?

Alcohol has been a part of human societies for a very long time.

With its many variants, in terms of preparation styles and concentrations, it has been an integral part of daily life throughout the world.


One such variant happens to be the beer.

The beer industry is today one of the largest beverage sectors of the economy, and worth billions across the world.

Also, the industry is expected to grow well into the near future, given that the market is steadily increasing throughout the world.


When it comes to the actual manufacture of beer, there is a lot that goes into the making of the finished good.

Indeed, if there is one thing many people are interested in knowing about beer, it would be the details about the actual preparation.

Not many people are into beer just for celebrations. On the contrary, they are interested in the way it is produced, as well as the many elements that are involved in its preparation.


Of the many things that go into the manufacture of beer, there is one thing that stands out more than anything else; the measurements.

If there is one thing about the beer industry that is to be noted, it is the way attention is paid to detail. Given that the smallest variations can alter the taste of the finished product, brewers pay a lot of attention to ensure that the ideal conditions during the beer preparation process.

Among the many values that are to be measured at the time of beer preparation, one of the most important is pressure.

When it comes to measuring the pressure in breweries, there are a few pieces of equipment that are used.

Of them all, one of the most important is a device called a Manometer. Manometers are used extensively across the beer industry, to measure pressure during the beer preparation process.


The Manometer

The manometer is a standard device used for the purpose of measuring pressure.

The device is not exactly something specific to the beer industry. On the contrary, it is something that can be use for a variety of applications beyond the scope of breweries. The measurement of pressure in general, is done using the international unit of measure, known as Pascal or Pa. This is however not the case when it comes to technical applications, such as beer making, where the standard for measurement is what is called a ‘bar’ or ‘pounds per square inch’. For reference, 1 bar of pressure is described as 100 kPa. The manometers measure the pressure in relative terms, where the pressure within a system is compared to the ambient pressure.

The usage of manometers is extensive throughout the brewing industry. Used on manometers is something that can be observed extensively across the beer making process, from the beginning to the end. Some of the places where they are used are mentioned in the list below:

  • Carbon Dioxide –Carbon dioxide is a byproduct generated when the ingredients are fermented by the yeast. This is something which is common in both the fermentation as well as the lagering tanks.
  • Piping Systems –There is a lot of transfer of liquids throughout the beer manufacturing process, whether it is the water, waste or the alcohol itself. From the time when the fermentation process begins, until the time when the finished beer is packaged, there is a lot of piping that is required to keep the entire system running.
  • Dispensing Systems –This is another place where there is a need for manometers. Given that the movement of beer has to be done at a stable rate, in order to maintain its consistency and flavor, there is a need to maintain a steady pressure throughout the system, which manometers help in ensuring.
  • Pneumatic Valves –The control of liquids and gasses across the breweries are done with the help of pneumatic valves. This is yet another place where the use of manometers can be found.
  • Bottling Process –The bottling process is one of the last processes in the beer making process, before the finished products are shipped to warehouses or the markets. This is another place where the measurement of pressure is required, so as to ensure a secure and sturdy seal.

The Working of a Manometer – The average manometer can come in a variety of different constructions. The manometers used in the modern day beer industry are usually those made from spring-loaded devices. These tend to be round and made using a variety of materials such as plastic, stainless-steel, copper, etc.

The element which senses the pressure is usually made from a bourdon tube or a diaphragm. The way in which the device works is usually with the help of what is called the ‘Piezoelectric Effect’, where movement (when applied on certain materials or crystals) is converted to electric charges. These charges in turn are converted into readings and measurements.

Other ways in which the measurements are generated include, among others, strain gauges, inductance measurements, etc. These are also fairly common throughout the beer industry.

The device consists of an entry point, where gases or liquids are allowed to enter. Upon entry, they act on the detecting mechanism, which in turn generates the necessary readings. In addition to this, they also contain another point for the entry of the medium in the surrounding environment, the measurement of which helps in the generation of relative readings.

The Measurements – Given that the environment in the beer manufacturing process tends to change from time to time, the readings in the manometer are taken at routine intervals. This helps to ensure that the pressure in the system remains stable at all times.

The exact standards for taking these measurements will vary from brewer to brewer. There is no specification with regard to how frequently the measurements are to be taken by the people managing the brewery.



As a whole, there is indeed other equipment as well that are in use across the beer industry.

The above mentioned list is just some of the most important and commonly ones that can be found across the modern beer industry.

Why Is Craft Beer So Expensive?

When it comes to alcohol, there is one thing that is very much clear.

It isn’t cheap.


All alcoholic beverages, with very few exceptions are pricy by nature.

This happens to be the case due to several reasons, one of the most important being that the manufacturing process is very expensive.

There is much that goes into the manufacture of beer. From its ingredients to the preparation process, the manufacture of beer is no easy task.

Much effort is required to ensure that the preparation of alcohol is done in the right manner. Of the many things considered important for the manufacture of alcoholic drinks, one of the most important is the fermentation process.

Alcohol is prepared by fermenting starches, with the help of yeast. The yeast helps to break down the sugars into alcohols and is a process which can take anywhere from a few months to several decades.

And then there is the issue of packaging, distribution, brewery management, salaries, etc. All of these factors will ultimately play a role in influencing the final price of beer.


While that is understandable, there is still one thing that many people don’t understand. It is with regard to the price of what is called ‘craft’ beer. In other words, they wonder as to why craft beer is so much more expensive, in comparison to regular beer.

In order to understand this, it is important to understand the nature of craft beer. Craft beer is in simple terms the beer that is made by small breweries or microbreweries, which are sometimes called as craft breweries. The business model of these breweries is based on small production batches, emphasis on brewing techniques and attention to the alcohol’s flavor. Also, the businesses tend to be family owned or at most, a small company.

Coming to the reason as to why craft beer is so expensive, there are several reasons as to why this is the case. The most important reasons for the same have been given in the list below.

Improve perfomance



  1. There is no ‘Economy of Scale’

If there is one thing that is familiar to every economics student or for that matter anyone who understands the market, it is that the more you produce of something, the cheaper its price will be. A corollary of this is that the less of something you produce, the more it will cost.

In other words, it’s just a case of simple demand and supply economics.

Simply put, the average craft brewery tends to produce beer in very small batches, which drives the price up. To a large extent, the high prices are a result of necessity rather than choice.


  1. There Is Something Unique About the Recipe

Many craft breweries tend to operate as family businesses, or perhaps small companies.

And if there is one thing that is common to many of them, it is a certain ‘interesting’ and ‘unfamiliar’ taste.

Quite often, this taste difference is the result of recipes handed down from generations, or perhaps recently invented.

This ‘premium’ taste that the beer offers tends to be one of the reasons why the product is high.


  1. Taxation

This is not the case with all breweries. But at the same time, there are some cases where this point applies.

Taxation is something that all companies have to deal with. This is true for the beer industry as it is for anything else. And when it comes to taxes, larger companies often find ways of reducing their tax burdens, either through the help of government subsidies or good chartered accountants.

This is however not going to be so for small companies, which are limited in terms of their budget and may not have access to suitable governmental subsidies and other such policies.

The end result of this is that the cost of the tax will ultimately be passed on to the consumer.


  1. Import Duty

In addition to taxes, there is also import duty charged whenever a product is imported into a country.

In case the craft beer is imported into the country, rather than being prepared in it, there will be a certain percentage levied by the customs agency for importing it.

Another thing that is to be added here is that craft beer tends to have a higher ABV (alcohol by volume) percentage, in comparison to regular beer, which in turn affects the amount of duty that is levied on it.


  1. The Branding

Another important reason as to why the prices are very high is the brand value.

There are many companies that tend to charge a premium based on the name of their brand. This has nothing to do with actual scarcity of the product or for that matter anything else. It is just case of capitalism and nothing more.

And this is very much understandable, if you look at the situation from a capitalist perspective. The company is only doing what anybody would do, if they were backed up with a great reputation.


  1. Rising Ingredient Cost

This isn’t really specific to craft beer but rather something which applies to the entire beer industry.

In recent times, there has been an increase in the global prices for raw materials like barley and hops. The increase in prices in turn, have been due to a variety of reasons like crop failure, increased global demand, changes in land use patterns, urbanization, etc.

The cost of purchasing raw materials that have been incurred by these breweries, have in turn been passed on to the consumer by the companies.


  1. Distribution Costs

Another important factor that makes craft beer expensive, in comparison to regular beer, is the distribution cost.

Large companies often possess their own distribution channels, or at least make deals that work out in terms of affordability. This however, is not the case when it comes to small brewers, who have a hard time bringing their product to their consumers.

This is another reason as to why craft beer tends to be higher than regular beer.



As a whole, the above mentioned reasons are some of the most important as to why craft beer is usually expensive.

There are indeed other reasons as well, but these are by far the most important as to why craft beer is more expensive than regular beer.

Why Are Most Brewery Equipment Made Of Stainless Steel?

The alcohol industry is one of the largest in the entire world.

With annual revenue that runs into billions of dollars, it is by far one of the most important industries in several economies.

And this is true for almost all kinds of alcohols, ranging from beer to whisky and everything in between.


When it comes to the preparation of beer, one of the many things that people notice is that much of the equipment happens to be made of stainless steel. It is very rare that the standard equipment used in breweries is made of anything else.

While many consider this to be a standard industry practice and move on, others tend to ask questions; questions such as,

“Why are most brewery equipment made of stainless steel?”


And indeed, this is an important question when it comes to the brewing industry. There are several reasons why stainless steel is used for the brewing process. The reasons are as given in the list below:


  1. It is part of the evolution of the industry  

There was a time in the history of beer, when the drink used to be fermented in caskets made out of wood such as oak. In fact, most people still think that the beer they drink is produced in these barrels, when the reality is actually quite different. The fact is that almost no modern brewery produces alcoholic drinks in traditional wooden barrels; even if they do, it is largely done as a ‘tradition’ or ‘relic’, rather than standard industry practice.

The fact is that most modern breweries produce alcoholic drinks in stainless steel barrels or tanks, with some exceptions.

One of the most important reasons is simply because of the way the industry has evolved. The change of material happened to be a part of the larger industrial transformation.


  1. Stainless steel equipment is easier to maintain

This is by far one of the biggest advantages of using stainless steel equipment.

When compared to wood caskets, it is very easy to maintain steel equipment. From unwanted residues to waste products, it is possible to have all of them eliminated with ease in the case of stainless steel equipment.

The reason for this is simple. Stainless steel is tough and offers a fairly smooth and sleek surface, which allows for the use of everything from abrasive cleaning tools to harsh chemicals, which is simply not possible in the case of wood.

Wood, on the other hand, offers a fairly rough surface, which tends to chip, break and warp with the passage of time. All of this makes it very difficult to wash and maintain the equipment.


  1. Stainless steel equipment doesn’t leak

Another advantage of stainless steel equipment is that it is leak proof.

There is simply no chance of leakage, unless there is a hole of some sort. Given that the material is fairly tough, it is very difficult for any sort of leakage to emerge from stainless steel equipment.

This is however not the case when it comes to wood. Although wooden caskets and other such equipment are fairly tough and waterproof, they aren’t really one single unit, but rather made out of numerous individual units. In the long run, the spaces between these units or pieces can give way, allowing for leakage.


  1. Stainless steel doesn’t degrade

This is one of the biggest reasons why stainless steel has become popular.

One of the biggest problems that old breweries had was that the caskets, among other equipment, would fall apart with the passage of time. This was because most of them were designed from wood, which tends to decay with the passage of time. Whether from external factors like rot or insects like termite, the fact is that wood always degrades with the passage of time.

Stainless steel on the other hand is a very long-lasting and rigid material, and doesn’t have issues related to iron such as rust. With very few exceptions, there is no loss of structural strength or integrity in stainless steel. As a result of this, people using stainless steel in beer manufacturing found it to be a very effective and efficient material choice.


  1. The absorption of chemicals is not an issue in stainless steel

Another important point that is to be mentioned here is the ‘absorption’ issue.

Wood tends to contain a variety of materials, which may ‘leach’ into the beer. While some of it has been used to provide a ‘flavor’ to the beer, it may not always be the case in others. On the contrary, there is a possibility that anything harmful that might have existed in the wood might end up contaminating the beer.

Stainless steel on the other hand, is not something that ‘leaches’ any chemicals into the beer. On the contrary, it tends to maintain a steady flavor in the beer throughout the fermentation process as well as beyond.


  1. Stainless steel is considered eco friendly

The manufacture of traditional equipment usually involved the usage of wood like oak.

While plentiful before and in many cases even now, the fact is that it does require a great deal of timber to manufacture the equipment of any standard brewery.

This has considerable environmental impact when applied on a large scale, often leading to the loss of great many trees. In addition to this, not all trees can be used for the manufacture of beer equipment, since they need to be of a certain thickness before they are ready for harvest. And given that the beer demand is rather large in many countries, it would be environmentally destructive to have all of the beer made in wooden equipment.

This is where stainless steel is a great choice. Given that it involves no trees altogether, it serves as a useful replacement alternative for the beer industry. In this regard, stainless steel is a fairly eco-friendly alternative, in comparison to the cutting of trees.


In all, the above mentioned reasons are some of the most important reasons as to why beer is manufactured using stainless steel equipment.

It should also be added that the industry hasn’t entirely shifted to the use of stainless steel. On the contrary, there are many people who still cling on to the old ways, largely out of nostalgia for tradition and history.

But the fact is that stainless steel is here to stay in the beer industry, and will be around for a very long time.

Beer Production Methods And Materials Selection

Beer is among the most favorite beverages of people from all over the world. Do you want to know how this beverage is made? Then, this article is for you.

brewery equipment

Beer Ingredients

In making a beer, you need 4 main ingredients such as water, barley, yeast, and hops. In this process, the primary purpose is to extract sugar from the grains (commonly barley). With that, the yeast can transform into alcohol and CO2 which creates beer.

Production Methods

  1. Malting

The process of brewing begins with malting. The grains which are usually from barley, and sometimes from wheat are harvested and processed with heating, drying out, and cracking. Malting is performed to isolate the enzymes needed for brewing. It was needed to make it ready for the next procedure.

  1. Mashing

After malting, the grains will undergo in a mashing procedure. The grains are steeped in hot, but not boiling water within one hour, and sort similar to producing tea. With this procedure, the enzymes in the grains are activated which make it break down and release its sugars. Then, you can now drain the water from the mash that is already filled with sugar from the grains. The sweet and sticky liquid from it is called the wort. It is considered as unmade beer which is compared to how the dough is unmade bread.

  1. Boiling

The next step is boiling. The wort will be boiled for an hour while the hops and other spices are combined several times. If you are not familiar with hops, these are the green and small cone-like fruit of a vine plant. The hops offer a bitter taste for balancing out the sugar in the wort. It plays a significant role in adding flavor. Even more important, it also serves as the natural preservative that is their original use.

  1. Fermentation

After the boiling process is finished, the wort is strained, cooled, and filtered. Then, it will be stored in a fermenting vessel and add yeast on them. In this case, the brewing procedure is already done, and the fermentation process begins. The beer will be stored for several weeks in a room temperature which is usually in the case of ales or more weeks in cold temperature in the case of lagers. On the other hand, the yeast will also work for fermentation magic. Commonly, the yeast eats up the sugar in the wort and spits out the CO2 as well as alcohol as waste products.

  1. Aging and bottling

After a long process, you can now enjoy an alcoholic beer. Meanwhile, it is still uncarbonated and flat. The flat beer will be bottled and will be artificially carbonated similar to soda. It can also be bottled conditioned. It can be allowed to carbonate naturally with the CO2 that the yeast produced.

After it was aged for anywhere in a few weeks or a few months, you can now drink the delicious beer. Your effort in the production of beer is all worth it because of the delicious and excellent quality that it can offer you. Your time and effort are worthy enough because of its amazing taste.

Raw materials

To produce a delicious and quality beer, you will need some raw materials like cereal grain (corn, barley, and rice), pure water, hops (scientific name Humulus lupulus) and yeast. These ingredients are essential since they can have a high impact on the color, flavor, carbonation, alcohol content as well as other subtle changes in your beer.

The grains must be properly stored and handle to produce the best possible quality of the beer. On the other side, the hops are also formed of cultivated perennial hemp that used for the flavoring of the product. The useful portions of the vine which are the sticky ones are produced from the bloom.

It is estimated to use around 16kg or 35 pounds of barley malt and 7kg or 15 pounds of grain for every 31-gallon beer barrel. A considerable amount of water is also essential not only as an ingredient, but to keep the cleanliness of the equipment used for brewing.

When it comes to producing beer, high water in iron or lime interferes with the fermentation procedure. Moreover, it can also discolor the finished product. Yeasts also play an important part because they are fungi that are microorganisms that can lessen the sugars to alcohol during the fermentation process. Most brewers’ yeasts are guarded trade secrets.

Outside the beer, the procedure also needs different cleaning chemicals and acids for maintaining and sterilizing the brewing equipment. Then, after this, it requires proper packaging that includes aluminum for cans, cardboard products for boxes, stainless steel for kegs, glass for bottles as well as other commercial dispensing materials. Most of the brewing equipment is stainless steel and copper brew kettles.

History of beer

It cannot be denied that beer is popularly knowns as one of the best beverages that are brewed for centuries. They are produced through fermentation of yeast on malted cereal grains that are combined with hops and water.

Ever since the brewing evolves from a cottage craft into a modern market, the rise of beer production becomes popular in the different parts of the world. It is estimated that Germans consume the most beer for around 40 gallons per person each year. Beer drinkers in the US are also ranked 14 in the world. The American breweries manufacture approximately 156,900 million beer barrels every year. Every barrel is equal to 117 liters or 31 gallons.

The early brewing beer attempts were around 7000 BC in Mesopotamia. Greeks and Egyptians brewed alcoholic beverages through different procedures, but the term beer does not use in the early languages. The Babylonians provide brewing recipes which are made with malt brew.

In today’s modern era, beer is still one of the most famous and favorite beverages of people all over the world. You can avail it in different beer stores, and you can choose the one that suits your taste.