Brewery Vessels

Types of Brewery Vessels and Their Applications

Table of Contents

    Brewing beer is both an art and a science that requires precise control of temperature, timing, and ingredients. At the heart of this process are the brewery vessels, which are designed to carry out specific tasks in the brewing process. This article will discuss the various types of brewery vessels and their applications, including mash tuns, lauter tuns, boil kettles, whirlpool vessels, and fermentation vessels.

    Brewery Vessels

    Mash Tun

    Purpose of the Mash Tun

    The mash tun is where the brewing process begins. This vessel is used to mix the milled grains, known as grist, with hot water to create a mash. The mash is then held at specific temperatures to allow enzymes in the malted barley to break down complex carbohydrates into simple sugars that the yeast can later ferment.

    Types of Mash Tuns

    There are two main types of mash tuns: infusion and decoction.

    Infusion Mash Tun

    In an infusion mash tun, brewers mix hot water with the grist to create the mash. Typically, adjusting the temperature involves adding more hot or cold water as needed. Infusion mash tuns often come with a false bottom, enabling the separation of wort from the grain during the lautering process.

    Moreover, infusion mash tuns remain popular in modern breweries due to their simplicity. This straightforward design allows for easier temperature control and maintenance, making it the preferred choice for many brewers.

    Decoction Mash Tun

    On the other hand, decoction mash tuns involve a more intricate process. In this method, a portion of the mash is removed, heated to boiling, and then returned to the main mash. Consequently, the overall temperature of the mash increases.

    Frequently used in traditional European brewing methods, particularly for lagers, decoction mash tuns contribute to unique flavor profiles. Although more complex and time-consuming, this technique appeals to brewers looking to achieve specific characteristics in their beers.

    In summary, both infusion and decoction mash tuns serve essential roles in the brewing process. While infusion mash tuns offer simplicity and ease of use, decoction mash tuns provide a more involved method for brewers seeking to create traditional beer styles. Ultimately, the choice depends on the brewer’s goals and preferences.

    Lauter Tun

    Purpose of the Lauter Tun

    After mashing, the lauter tun comes into play. This critical vessel serves to separate the wort from the spent grains. As a result, the lauter tun forms a bridge between mashing and boiling. Wort, which is the sugar-rich liquid extracted from the grains, drains through the false bottom of the mash tun, leaving behind the spent grains. Subsequently, the collected wort transfers to the boil kettle, where it undergoes the next phase of brewing.

    Design Features of Lauter Tuns

    Lauter tuns boast several unique design features that enhance the lautering process. Firstly, they incorporate a slotted false bottom, allowing the wort to flow while retaining the grain. Additionally, rakes gently stir the grain bed, preventing compaction and maintaining an even flow of wort. Lastly, sparging equipment sprays hot water over the grain bed, extracting more sugars and ensuring maximum efficiency.

    To sum up, the lauter tun plays a vital role in the brewing process, linking the mashing stage to boiling. Its design features, such as the false bottom, rakes, and sparging equipment, guarantee a smooth and effective lautering process. Consequently, these features allow brewers to extract as much sugar as possible from the grains, ensuring a quality beer-making experience.

    Boil Kettle

    Purpose of the Boil Kettle

    Brewing beer involves a crucial step called boiling, and the boil kettle carries out this task. Firstly, boiling the wort sterilizes it, ensuring a clean and safe environment for fermentation. Secondly, hops are added at various stages of the boiling process, contributing to the beer’s bitterness, flavor, and aroma. Furthermore, boiling concentrates the sugars in the wort, which directly impacts the beer’s final alcohol content. Lastly, boiling removes unwanted volatile compounds, improving the beer’s overall taste and quality.

    Boil Kettle Variations

    Breweries use various types of boil kettles, each with its specific features. Some boil kettles have steam jackets or direct fire systems that provide consistent and even heating. Meanwhile, others rely on electric elements for the same purpose.

    Additionally, many boil kettles feature a whirlpool inlet. This component is vital for creating a vortex in the wort, effectively separating hop matter and other solids from the liquid after boiling.

    Whirlpool Vessel

    Purpose of the Whirlpool Vessel

    The whirlpool vessel serves a crucial purpose in the brewing process. After boiling, the wort needs clarification, which the whirlpool vessel efficiently achieves. By creating a vortex, the vessel separates hop matter, proteins, and other solids from the liquid. Consequently, this process readies the wort for cooling and subsequent transfer to the fermentation vessel.

    Whirlpool Design Features

    Whirlpool vessels boast unique design features that optimize their performance. For instance, they often have a tangential inlet. This design allows the wort to enter the vessel at an angle, forming the desired vortex. As a result, the whirlpool process becomes more effective at removing unwanted solids.

    Furthermore, some breweries incorporate whirlpool chambers within the boil kettle itself. This integrated design suits breweries with specific equipment and layout preferences. Overall, whirlpool vessels play a vital role in the beer-making process, ensuring a clear and high-quality final product.

    Fermentation Vessels

    Purpose of Fermentation Vessels

    Fermentation vessels are where the magic of beer-making happens. Yeast is added to the cooled wort, and it begins to consume the sugars, producing alcohol and carbon dioxide as byproducts. This process transforms the sweet wort into beer.

    Types of Fermentation Vessels

    There are several types of fermentation vessels, each with its own advantages and disadvantages.

    • Conical Fermenter: Conical fermenters are the most common type used in modern breweries. Their cone-shaped bottom allows yeast and other solids to settle and be easily removed. This design also makes it easier to harvest yeast for reuse in future batches.
    • Horizontal Fermenter: Horizontal fermenters are often used in traditional European brewing methods, particularly for lagers. These vessels provide a larger surface area for the yeast, allowing it to work more efficiently during fermentation. However, they can be more challenging to clean and harvest yeast from compared to conical fermenters.


    Brewery vessels play a crucial role in the brewing process, with each vessel designed for specific tasks. From the mashing and lautering stages to boiling, whirlpooling, and fermentation, these vessels ensure that the beer is produced efficiently and consistently. Understanding the function and design of each vessel can help aspiring brewers and beer enthusiasts appreciate the art and science behind their favorite brews.

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