Fermenting Tank:Cost, Types and Functions

steel fermenter

What is a Fermenting Tank?

Fermentation is a crucial process in various industries, notably in the production of alcoholic beverages like beer and wine, as well as in food processing industries. Central to this process is a unique piece of equipment: the fermenting tank.

Introduction to Fermenting Tanks
A fermenting tank, also known as a fermenter or fermentation vessel, is a container used to hold substrates such as wort or must to undergo fermentation. These tanks provide the necessary environment to enable yeast or other microorganisms to convert sugars into alcohol and carbon dioxide.

Materials and Design
Fermenting tanks can be made from a variety of materials:

  • Stainless Steel: Preferred for its resistance to corrosion, easy cleaning, and temperature control.
  • Glass: Mostly used for smaller fermentations, such as home brewing.
  • Plastic: Lightweight and cost-effective but may not be as durable as other options.

Types Based on Usage
Based on usage, fermenting tanks can be:

  • Open fermenters: Where the surface of the fermenting liquid is exposed to the atmosphere.
  • Closed fermenters: These are completely sealed, providing a more controlled environment.

Size and Capacity
Fermenting tanks come in various sizes, from small ones suitable for home brewers that hold a few gallons, to large industrial tanks that can hold thousands of gallons.

Role in Flavor and Texture
The design and operation of fermenting tanks can have a significant impact on the end product’s flavor and texture. Factors such as the tank’s shape, temperature controls, and agitation mechanisms can influence how the final product turns out.

fermenting tank

How Much Does a Fermenting Tank Cost?

The cost of a fermenting tank can vary widely based on its size, material, features, and the manufacturer. From hobbyist home-brewers to large-scale industrial production, the price range for fermenting tanks is extensive.

Factors Affecting the Cost
Several elements can influence the cost of a fermenting tank:

  1. Size and Capacity: Larger tanks typically cost more due to the increased material and construction efforts.
  2. Material Used: Stainless steel tanks, known for their durability and resistance to contamination, are generally more expensive than plastic or glass tanks.
  3. Additional Features: Tanks equipped with advanced features like temperature controls, cooling systems, or specialized agitators will have a higher price point.
  4. Brand and Manufacturer: Established brands known for high-quality products might have pricier options compared to lesser-known manufacturers.

Price Range Table

Size/CapacityMaterialAverage Price (USD)
5 GallonsGlass$50 – $100
5 GallonsStainless Steel$150 – $300
50 GallonsPlastic$300 – $500
50 GallonsStainless Steel$1,000 – $2,500
500 GallonsStainless Steel$5,000 – $10,000
1,000+ GallonsStainless Steel$10,000 and up

Brands in the Market
Several brands dominate the fermenting tank market. Some of the most renowned ones include:

  • Blichmann Engineering: Renowned for their high-quality stainless steel tanks suitable for both home-brewing and professional setups.
  • Ss Brewtech: Offers a wide range of fermenting tanks with advanced features, especially for home-brewing enthusiasts.
  • Speidel: A German brand known for its robust plastic and stainless steel fermenters.

Consideration of Costs
It’s essential to factor in not just the initial cost of the fermenting tank but also the long-term costs. Stainless steel tanks, though pricier initially, can last for decades if maintained properly, potentially offering better value over time than a cheaper plastic tank that might need replacing more frequently.

Where Costs Can Be Cut
For those on a tight budget, considering second-hand tanks or waiting for seasonal sales can reduce costs. Additionally, some manufacturers offer financing options or discounts for bulk purchases.

Types of Fermenting Tanks and Their Price Range

When it comes to fermenting tanks, they aren’t a one-size-fits-all tool. There are various designs and structures suited for different fermentation needs, each coming with its price range.

1. Open Fermenting Tanks
These are traditional tanks where the surface of the fermenting liquid is exposed to the atmosphere. Historically, many breweries used open tanks as they believed it offered better flavors, especially for certain types of beers like Belgian Lambics.

  • Price Range:
    • Small-scale: $200 – $500
    • Industrial-scale: $1,500 – $4,000

2. Closed Fermenting Tanks
These tanks are completely sealed, offering a more controlled environment. They are favored in many modern brewing and wine-making setups due to their efficiency in maintaining sanitation and controlling the fermentation process.

  • Price Range:
    • Small-scale: $300 – $700
    • Industrial-scale: $2,500 – $10,000

3. Conical Fermenters
A favorite among homebrewers and commercial brewers alike, conical fermenters are shaped to allow yeast and sediment to settle at the bottom, making it easier to separate the liquid from the solids.

  • Price Range:
    • Homebrewing size: $150 – $1,000
    • Commercial size: $5,000 – $15,000

4. Unitanks
Unitanks are versatile tanks that can handle both fermentation and carbonation in the same vessel. They can be more cost-effective for some brewers as they reduce the need for multiple tanks.

  • Price Range:
    • Homebrewing size: $500 – $1,500
    • Commercial size: $7,000 – $20,000

Given the range of fermenting tank types and their respective price points, it’s essential to evaluate the specific needs of your brewing or fermenting process before making a purchase.

Functions of a Fermenting Tank

A fermenting tank is much more than just a vessel to hold liquid. Its design and features cater to the intricate processes of fermentation, ensuring that the end product, be it beer, wine, or any fermented food, is of the highest quality.

1. Controlled Environment
A fermenting tank provides a sealed environment that can protect the fermenting product from external contaminants such as wild yeast, bacteria, and airborne particles, ensuring the purity of the fermentation process.

2. Temperature Regulation
Many fermenting tanks, especially the closed types, come equipped with temperature control systems. Maintaining the correct temperature is crucial as it affects the yeast’s metabolism and overall fermentation kinetics, ultimately influencing the end product’s flavor profile and quality.

3. Agitation and Mixing
Some fermenting tanks have built-in agitators. Proper mixing ensures uniform fermentation, better temperature control, and can enhance yeast health, especially in large-volume tanks.

4. Sediment Separation
Specifically designed tanks, like conical fermenters, allow for the natural settling of yeast and other sediments to the bottom. This design simplifies the removal process, making the subsequent stages of filtering or racking more efficient.

5. Carbonation
Certain fermenting tanks, particularly unitanks, can handle the carbonation process. Once fermentation is complete, carbonating the beverage right in the same tank is possible, eliminating the need to transfer to another vessel.

Understanding the multifunctional role of fermenting tanks underscores their importance in the fermentation industry, whether it’s brewing a perfect pint of beer or crafting an exquisite bottle of wine.

Applications of a Fermenting Tank

Fermenting tanks have a broad range of applications across various industries, with each sector leveraging the fermenting process’s unique characteristics.

1. Brewing Industry
The most well-known application of fermenting tanks is in the brewing industry. Breweries use these tanks to ferment wort, which is the liquid extracted from the mashing process, into beer. The controlled environment ensures a consistent and quality brew.

2. Winemaking
Similar to the brewing process, winemakers use fermenting tanks to convert grape juice (or must) into wine. While some winemakers prefer open fermenters to introduce wild yeasts, many modern wineries use closed fermenters to control the process closely.

3. Dairy Industry
In the dairy sector, fermenting tanks play a critical role in producing yogurt, kefir, and certain cheeses. The fermentation process helps in breaking down lactose and introducing beneficial bacteria, enhancing the product’s taste and nutritional value.

4. Food Processing
Beyond beverages and dairy, fermenting tanks are pivotal in producing various fermented foods, such as kimchi, sauerkraut, and pickles. These foods benefit from fermentation in terms of both flavor and preservation.

5. Biofuel Production
In recent years, fermenting tanks have found an application in the biofuel industry. They are used to ferment organic matter, converting it into bioethanol or biodiesel, serving as eco-friendly alternatives to fossil fuels.

6. Pharmaceuticals and Biotechnology
Fermenting tanks are not restricted to food and beverages. The pharmaceutical industry uses them to grow cultures, produce antibiotics, and even generate certain vaccines. The controlled environment of these tanks is critical for achieving the precision required in medicine production.

7. Distillation
For spirits like whiskey, rum, or brandy, fermenting tanks are the first step. Once fermentation is complete, the liquid is transferred to distillation apparatus to increase alcohol concentration.
After the fermentation process, distilled spirits such as whiskey, vodka, rum, and brandy require further refinement. The fermented liquid, known as the “mash,” undergoes a distillation process. This method involves heating the mash to separate alcohol from water and other components, concentrating the spirit and defining its flavor. Fermenting tanks play a crucial role in ensuring that the initial fermentation yields a high-quality mash, which, in turn, results in superior distilled spirits.

8. Production of Vinegar
Vinegar production is another significant application of fermenting tanks. The process involves the fermentation of alcoholic liquids to produce acetic acid, the primary ingredient of vinegar. The two-step fermentation process starts with the conversion of sugars into alcohol (just like in brewing or winemaking) and then further fermenting the alcohol into acetic acid using acetic acid bacteria.

9. Non-Alcoholic Beverages
Many popular non-alcoholic beverages, such as kombucha and certain probiotic drinks, require fermentation. Kombucha, for instance, is made by fermenting sweetened tea with a symbiotic culture of bacteria and yeast (often referred to as SCOBY). The fermentation process gives these beverages their unique taste, fizz, and purported health benefits.

10. Waste Treatment and Management
The fermentation process also finds applications in waste treatment, especially in the food industry. Organic wastes can be loaded into fermenting tanks where specific bacteria help break down the waste. This not only reduces the overall waste volume but can also produce biogas – a valuable source of energy.

11. Research and Development
Many scientific research endeavors and pilot projects in the field of biotechnology and microbiology employ fermenting tanks. These tanks allow researchers to study fermentation processes on a smaller scale, develop new strains of yeast or bacteria, or innovate novel fermentation-based products.

The widespread applications of fermenting tanks highlight their indispensable role in modern industrial and research landscapes. From crafting our favorite beverages to developing sustainable energy sources, these tanks prove their versatility and importance time and again.

Benefits of Using Fermenting Tanks

From their inception, fermenting tanks have dramatically transformed the fermentation landscape. Whether you’re a commercial brewer, a winemaker, or an enthusiast trying out fermentation at home, these tanks provide a host of advantages.

1. Improved Product Consistency
By offering a controlled environment, fermenting tanks ensure that each batch maintains uniformity in taste, aroma, and appearance. This consistency is particularly vital for commercial entities aiming to establish a brand reputation based on quality and predictability.

2. Enhanced Sanitation
Fermenting tanks, especially closed ones, keep contaminants at bay. This prevents wild yeasts and undesirable microbes from entering the brew, ensuring that the end product remains pure and uncontaminated.

3. Efficient Space Utilization
Compared to traditional fermentation methods that may use multiple vessels or containers, modern fermenting tanks are designed to optimize space. Their vertical designs and integrated features mean they occupy less floor space, a crucial consideration for facilities where space comes at a premium.

4. Scalability
Fermenting tanks come in various sizes, from small homebrew versions to massive industrial-sized ones. This scalability allows businesses to expand production without drastic changes in their fermentation methods.

5. Energy and Cost Efficiency
Integrated temperature control systems in fermenting tanks help maintain the desired fermentation temperature without the need for external cooling or heating devices. This can lead to significant energy savings and, by extension, reduced production costs.

6. Versatility in Application
As mentioned in previous articles, fermenting tanks have a wide range of applications – from brewing beer to producing pharmaceuticals. Their versatility ensures that they can be tailored to suit specific fermentation needs.

7. Time-Saving
With features like agitation and sediment separation, fermenting tanks can expedite the fermentation process. Faster fermentation not only means quicker product turnaround but also reduces the time the product is exposed to potential contamination.

Factors to Consider When Choosing a Fermenting Tank

Selecting the right fermenting tank is a decision that can significantly impact the quality of the end product and the efficiency of the fermentation process. Here are some essential factors to consider:

1. Intended Use
Before diving into specifics, determine the primary purpose of the tank. Is it for brewing beer, making wine, fermenting dairy, or some other purpose? The primary application can guide the selection process.

2. Size and Capacity
Consider the volume of fermentation you intend to do. For commercial enterprises, estimating future expansion can also help decide on tank size.

  • Table: Common Tank Sizes and Their CapacitiesSize CategoryCapacity RangeIdeal ForSmall5-50 litersHomebrewingMedium50-500 litersSmall-scale commercialLarge500-10,000 litersLarge-scale commercial

3. Material
Most fermenting tanks are made from stainless steel due to its durability, resistance to corrosion, and ease of cleaning. However, some traditional fermentation methods may use wood or other materials.

4. Temperature Control
For many fermentable products, maintaining a precise temperature is crucial. Integrated temperature control systems can be a boon for such requirements.

Top 10 Fermenting Tank Manufacturers

In the world of fermentation, the equipment you choose plays a pivotal role in determining the quality of the final product. Here’s a rundown of ten leading fermenting tank manufacturers:

1. Ss BrewTech
A favorite among craft brewers, Ss BrewTech offers a range of stainless steel fermenters, equipped with innovative features such as glycol cooling and pressure-rated designs.

2. Blichmann Engineering
Known for its high-quality brewing equipment, Blichmann offers fermenters that cater to both homebrewers and commercial producers.

3. GW Kent
With a reputation spanning decades, GW Kent provides fermentation tanks for not just brewing but also the wine, cider, and distilling industries.

4. Paul Mueller Company
Their fermenting tanks are renowned for durability and precision, making them a preferred choice for many large-scale breweries and wineries.

5. JV Northwest
Specializing in stainless steel tanks, JV Northwest caters to the beer, wine, cider, and distillery sectors.

6. Glacier Tanks
Offering a versatile range, Glacier Tanks is known for its customizable solutions tailored to the specific needs of fermenters.

7. Ripley Stainless Ltd.
With a special focus on wineries, breweries, and distilleries, Ripley Stainless offers high-quality fermenting tanks with numerous features.

8. Specific Mechanical Systems
Having served the brewing industry for over 30 years, Specific Mechanical Systems provides both fermenting and brite tanks.

9. Stout Tanks and Kettles
Catering primarily to craft brewers, Stout offers conical fermenters, brite tanks, and more.

10. DEGONG Brewery Equipment
A global player, DEGONG produces fermenting tanks suitable for various scales, from pilot batches to industrial production.

When selecting a manufacturer, it’s vital to consider not just the price but also factors like post-sale support, warranty, and the availability of replacement parts.

Where to Purchase Fermenting Tanks

In the dynamic world of fermentation, whether you’re an established brand or just stepping into the realm, the quality and efficiency of your equipment matter immensely. A pivotal part of this ensemble is the fermenting tank. Here’s a guide on where to purchase these tanks:

1. Directly from Manufacturers:
It’s often a good idea to buy directly from established fermenting tank manufacturers. This way, you can ensure the authenticity of the product, avail warranties, and even get custom modifications done as per your requirements.

  • Notable Manufacturers Include:
    • Ss BrewTech
    • Blichmann Engineering
    • GW Kent
    • Paul Mueller Company
    • YoLong Brewtech

2. Online Marketplaces:
With the surge in e-commerce, many fermenting tank manufacturers and resellers have chosen platforms like Alibaba, Amazon, and specialized brewing equipment sites to sell their products. These platforms can offer a wide variety of choices and competitive prices. However, always ensure you’re purchasing from a reputable seller by checking reviews and ratings.

3. Local Distributors and Resellers:
Many regions have local distributors or resellers that stock fermenting tanks from various manufacturers. While they might have a markup, the advantage lies in quick delivery and sometimes better post-sale services.

4. Trade Shows and Expositions:
Events like the Craft Brewers Conference, Drinktec, and various brewing expos often have manufacturers displaying their products. Such events provide a fantastic opportunity to see the equipment firsthand, interact with manufacturers, and sometimes avail of show-specific discounts.

5. Second-Hand or Used Equipment Sellers:
If you’re on a tight budget, considering second-hand fermenting tanks might be a wise choice. Various websites and forums offer listings for used brewing equipment, ensuring they are in good condition before purchase.

6. Custom Fabrication:
If you have very specific requirements, considering a custom fabricator might be a good idea. You can provide them with your specifications, and they’ll build the fermenting tank as per your needs.

Advantages of Chinese Fermenting Tanks

China, over the years, has emerged as a global powerhouse in manufacturing, and the brewing equipment sector is no exception. Here’s why many brewers worldwide prefer Chinese fermenting tanks:

1. Cost-Effective:
Chinese manufacturing processes, coupled with the availability of raw materials, allow fermenting tanks to be produced at a competitive cost, making them more affordable without compromising quality.

2. Advanced Technology:
Modern Chinese fermenting tank manufacturers, like YoLong Brewtech, have incorporated advanced technology into their designs. From automated control systems to integrated cooling mechanisms, Chinese tanks are at the forefront of innovation.

3. Customization:
Companies such as YoLong Brewtech pride themselves on their custom-designed projects. Their state-of-the-art manufacturing plant in Ningbo City can meet virtually any specification a customer requires.

4. Quality Control:
Contrary to outdated perceptions, reputable Chinese manufacturers maintain stringent quality control processes. YoLong Brewtech, for instance, ensures every project matches the customer’s exact specifications with impeccable quality.

5. Wide Range of Options:
Whether you’re looking for a small homebrewing setup or a massive commercial fermenting system, Chinese manufacturers offer a broad spectrum of choices to suit every need.

6. Global Reach:
Renowned Chinese manufacturers have a strong global distribution network. This means wherever you are in the world, obtaining a Chinese fermenting tank is relatively hassle-free.

7. Comprehensive Post-Sale Services:
From installation assistance to maintenance and parts replacement, leading Chinese companies ensure their clients receive comprehensive post-sale services.

8. Sustainable Practices:
Many top-tier Chinese fermenting tank manufacturers are embracing sustainable and environmentally-friendly manufacturing practices, ensuring a reduced carbon footprint.

Top Chinese Fermenting Tank Supplier: YoLong Brewtech

In the realm of fermentation, having the right equipment supplier can make all the difference. When it comes to Chinese suppliers, YoLong Brewtech undoubtedly stands out as an industry leader.

1. Years of Experience:
Founded in 2004, YoLong Brewtech brings over 15 years of experience to the table. This extensive industry knowledge translates to products that meet the highest standards of value and quality.

2. Diverse Product Range:
From beverages to beers, cold-brewed coffee to kombucha, and even infused teas and wines, YoLong Brewtech manufactures products for a broad spectrum of the beverage industry. Their versatility ensures that clients from various sectors can find equipment tailored to their specific needs.

3. Cutting-edge Manufacturing Plant:
Operating out of a state-of-the-art 36,000 m2 manufacturing plant in the Ningbo City Economic Development Zone, China, YoLong Brewtech employs advanced machinery and techniques. This not only ensures high-quality products but also allows for customization to meet clients’ exact specifications.

4. Dedicated Team:
A product is only as good as the people behind it. YoLong Brewtech boasts a dedicated and experienced team that has been instrumental in establishing the company as an industry leader.

5. Global Recognition:
With a reputation that precedes its name, YoLong Brewtech products are recognized and used globally. Their commitment to quality, innovation, and customer satisfaction has made them a preferred choice for many in the beverage industry.


Q1: What is the primary material used in YoLong Brewtech fermenting tanks?

A1: YoLong Brewtech primarily uses high-quality stainless steel for their fermenting tanks to ensure durability, hygiene, and resistance to corrosion.

Q2: Do YoLong Brewtech tanks come with a warranty?

A2: Yes, YoLong Brewtech usually provides a warranty for their products, though the exact duration and terms might vary depending on the product type and purchase agreement.

Q3: Can I get a custom-sized fermenting tank from YoLong Brewtech?

A3: Absolutely. YoLong Brewtech takes pride in catering to custom requirements and can manufacture fermenting tanks as per your specific dimensions and features.

Q4: How do I clean and maintain my fermenting tank?

A4: Regular cleaning after each batch using appropriate sanitizers and ensuring the tank is thoroughly rinsed is essential. Periodic deep cleaning and checking for any signs of wear or damage will also prolong the life of your tank.

Q5: Does YoLong Brewtech ship internationally?

A5: Yes, YoLong Brewtech has a robust global distribution network, making it easy for clients around the world to access their products.

Q6: Are there any financing or installment options available for purchasing?

A6: While YoLong Brewtech might offer various payment options, it’s best to directly contact their sales team for detailed information on financing or installment possibilities.

Q7: Can YoLong Brewtech assist with the installation of the fermenting tank?

A7: Yes, YoLong Brewtech often provides installation assistance, ensuring that the fermenting tank is set up correctly and safely in your facility.

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